Characterisation of the process domains associated with fluvial processes at the segment scale and the physical pressures affecting them:
Characteristics and their quantification:
- Flow regime
- Valley characteristics
- Sediment size and delivery
- Riparian corridor features
- Physical pressures
Data layers and hydromorphologically relevant parameters
- River flow records assembled or modelled and ‘natural’ flow record assembled / estimated.
- DEMs analysed to estimate average valley slope and, for larger rivers, indication of river confinement within its valley.
- Analysis of aerial imagery, (where available) Lidar, and (for river bed sediment) existing morphological/habitat surveys to assess characteristics of the valley, riparian corridor and longitudinal physical pressures.
Potential data sources
- Flow gauging station records
- Digital elevation models [e.g. EU-GDEM)
- Google Earth images
- Multi-spectral remotely-sensed data
- Lidar data
- National surveys including: Physical habitat surveys, Riparian habitat surveys, Morphological surveys
Flow regime classification: (1) Assign to one of nine regime types; (2) Annual pattern of monthly flows
Flow characteristics: (1) Morphologically representative flows: median, 2yr or 10 yr frequency flood flows (Qpmedian; Qp2; Qp10.); (2) Extreme flows; (3) Abrupt anthropogenic flow: number, size, duration.
Valley characteristics: (1) gradient; (2) degree of valley confinement; (3) degree of river confinement.
Sediment size: (1) dominant bed material calibre
Lateral sediment delivery: (1) eroded soil delivered to channel; (2) land surface instabilities connected to channel; (3) sediment delivery from bank erosion
Sediment load and budget: (1) estimated sediment transport; (2) segment gaining, losing or in-balance with respect to sediment transfer.
Presence of a riparian corridor: (1) average width; (2) area; (3) proportion of valley bottom; (4) continuity
Riparian corridor vegetation coverage: (1) proportion trees, shrubs, short herbaceous, bare ground
Wood delivery potential: (1) proportion bank top under mature trees
Longitudinal continuity: (1) channel blocking structures; (2) channel crossing / partial blocking structures
More details on the characterisation of segments can be found in chapter 5 of Deliverable 2.1.