Bank dynamics models

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Bank dynamics models


Hydromorphological models

Basic principles

Geomechanical equations for bank stability, possibly combined with equations for river flow (or interface with hydrodynamic or morphodynamic model) and equations for groundwater flow (or interface with groundwater model).


Bank stability, bank geometry, rate of bank retreat, amount of bank erosion products.


Related Pressures

Related Measures

Useful references

Selected software systems

BSTEM (Bank Stability and Toe Erosion Model):

Theoretical background

Darby S.E., Gessler D., Thorne C.R. (2000): Computer program for stability analysis of steep, cohesive riverbanks. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 25(2), 175-190.;2-K/abstract

Darby S. E. and Thorne C. R. (1996): Development and testing of river-bank stability analysis, J. Hydr. Engrg., 122 (8), 443–454.

Darby S. E., Rinaldi M., Dapporto S. (2007): Coupled simulations of fluvial erosion and mass wasting for cohesive river banks, J.Geophys. Res., 112, F03022.

Osman A.M. and Thorne C.R. (1988): Riverbank stability analysis. I: Theory. J. Hydr. Engrg., ASCE, 114 (2), pp.134-150.

Rinaldi M. and Casagli N. (1999): Stability of streambanks formed in partially saturated soils and effects of negative pore water pressures: The Sieve River (Italy), Geomorphology 26, 253–277.

Rinaldi M., Casagli N., Dapporto S., Gargini A. (2004): Monitoring and modelling of pore water pressure changes and riverbank stability during flow events, Earth Surf. Processes Landforms 29, 237–254.

Rinaldi M., Mengoni B., Luppi L., Darby S.E., Mosselman E. (2008): Numerical simulation of hydrodynamics and bank erosion in a river bend. Water Resources Res., AGU, 44, W09428.

Rinaldi M. and Nardi L. (2013): Modelling interactions between river bank hydrology and mass failures. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, 10, 1231-1240. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)HE.1943-5584.0000716.

Simon A., Curini A., Darby S. E., Langendoen E.J. (2000): Bank and near-bank processes in an incised channel. Geomorphology 35, 193–217.

Thorne C.R. and Osman A.M. (1988): Riverbank stability analysis. II: Applications. J. Hydr. Engrg., ASCE, 114, (2), pp.151-172.

Sample applications