Landscape unit characterisation
Characterisation of the form and process domain(s) associated with water and sediment delivery potential of the landscape unit:
- Topography (broad characterisation of elevation range, slope, form)
- Geology / soils (aquifers and weathering/erosion susceptibility)
- Land cover, which controls water and sediment delivery to the drainage network
- Natural riparian vegetation influences interaction between hillslopes/floodplain and river network.
- Physical pressures / human influences on sediment regime by hydropower plants or retention structures (only needed if all upstream segments or reaches are not being characterised
Data layers and hydromorphologically relevant parameters
Essential GIS layers: DEM, geology (solid), land cover.
Optional GIS layers: soil permeability; geology (superficial); rainfall records
From these and aerial imagery derive measures of landscape form, river network extent, erosion susceptibility.
Assemble appropriate publications, maps and databases to establish potential ‘natural’ floodplain forests or riparian (and aquatic) vegetation.
Data sets are required which indicate the position of hydropower plants, retention structures and their ability to totally or partially retaining sediments and large wood.
Potential data sources
- Digital Elevation Models [e.g. EU-GDEM)
- CCM2 River and Catchment Database (v2.1)
- Ecrins database
- One Geology Europe
- European soils data base(soils maps, USLE K erodibility factor, Pesera soil erosion estamates, landslide susceptibility)
- CORINE land cover
- JRC Forest Cover Map
- Google Earth / other satellite imagery / Orthophotos
Water delivery potential
Rainfall: (1) summary characteristics of rainfall amount and regime
Relief / Topoography: (1) drainage density; (2) hypsometric curve; (3) surface slope - elevation
Surface:Groundwater: proportion of landscape unit with (1) exposed aquifers; (2) soil/rock permeability classes
Land cover: (1) proportion of landscape unit under land cover classes (Corine – Level 2)
Potential fine sediment production: (1) soil erosion map layer; (2) average soil erosion rate
Potential coarse sediment production: (1) potential sources map layer; (2) Sources-slope gradient map layer
Physical pressures on sediment regime
Total or partial retention of sediment and large wood by hydropower plants: (1) Hydropower plant layer (location, type, size etc); (2) Other retention structures map layer (location, type, size etc).
Total or partial retention of sediment and large wood by other structures (e.g. torrent control structures)
(Physical pressures only required if a full characterisation of all segments is not intended)
More details on the characterisation of landscape units can be found in chapter 5 of Deliverable 2.1.