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Doñana.El Partido

Factsheet: Doñana. Restauración del arroyo del Partido

Country ES
River Name Arroyo del Partido
Site Name Doñana. Restauración del arroyo del Partido
River Characterisation
    River typology
    Location (Lat Lon) 37.1311714078244, -6.46699905395508
    Altitude lowland: < 200 m
    Catchment area medium: > 100 - 1000 km2
    National code/
    River type name

    Biological quality elements
    Ecosystem Services
    EU Directives
    Project size -1
    Approximate costs 10 000 - 100 000 Euros
    Synergy Doñana 2005 Hydric regeneration of Doñana´s watersheds and river networks
    Status Realised
    Period of realization 1998 - 2005
    Evaluation None
    Implemented by Ministerio de Medio Ambiente

    Key features of the case study

    Arroyo del Partido collects water from a watershed of 308 km2 caracterized by a torrential behavior. Land use changes (and agricultural practices)and channelizations have induce problems of erosion, transport and deposition of sand.

    Site description

    Measures selection

    Three alternatives could be considered:

    1. Keep the channel but modifying its design. The modification would consist in increase the hydraulic capacity of the channel (minimun flow channel and a high flow channel with lateral levees)to avoid erosion processes at the surroundings. The revegetation of the streambanks would serve to give stability against the erosion and improve the habitat conditions.
    2. Partial or total recovery of the original processes of El Partido at its final reach, allowing the expansion of the extraordinary flows over a wide floodplain, and restablishing the funtionality of the original braided channels. This would disipate energy and reduce the flow shear force. The sediments would be deposited at the floodplain before they arrive to the Doñana marshes.
    3. No action. Over the time, and after an initial period of sedimentation at the marshes, the artificial channel would disappear by aggradation and streambank erosion.At the end, the original floodplain would be recovered, and so the strem dynamics.

    Finally, the alternative 2 was selected because it achieved the technical and environmental objectives with an acceptable cost from the economic and social point of view.

    Success criteria

    Ecological response

    Hydromorphological response

    Monitoring before and after implementation of the project

    The Doñana 2005 program includes several studies to know the ecosystems´condition before, during and after the actions.Among the studies figure:

    • Hydrogeomorphology
    • Physical and chemical quality of water and fitozooplankton
    • Aquatic and terrestial vegetal communities
    • Estuary and freshwater macroinvertebrates
    • Vertebrate communities

    These studies started with the first project of the programme and lasted few years after the last one was finished.

    Socio-economic aspects

    The adopted solution has a moderate socio-economic importance, because it affects the posibility of use the land that will be included in the floodplain. In fact, this measure is not compatible with an intensive agricultural use, although it is possible to carry out an extensive livestock or forestry use.
    Only the left margin of the stream will be part of the floodplain. In comparison with the intensive irrigated crops and inhabited areas of the right margin, the agricultural transformation is less developed. The right margin are still protected by the lateral levees and benefit from a lower flood risk derived from the restoration of the left floodplain.
    Other positive socio-economic benefits of the environmental restoration is the potential for public use and environmental education at the area.

    Contact person within the organization

    Extra background information

    El Partido stream was channelized at its final reach for flood prevention. Removing the wall of the left margin, the expansion will allow the water to recover the original floodplain and restore the alluvial fan at its confluence with the marsh. The wall of the right margin is maintained and reinforced to protect the strawberry fields and other irrigation farmland. This action includes forestry and agri-environment measures, including restoration of the stream margins and actions in the alluvial fan to restore the natural appearance.

    Aerial view of the alluvial fan previous to the restoration implementation.
    Map of the main measures.

    García Novo et al. 2007. The restoration of El Partido stream watershed (Doñana Natural Park) A multiscale, interdisciplinary approach. Ecological Engineering 30 ( 2007 ) 122–130 [[1]]

    J. A. Mintegui Aguirre, J. C. Robredo Sánchez, C. De Gonzalo Aranoa & P. Huelin Rueda.Reconstrucción de un curso torrencial en su afluencia en el Parque Nacional de Doñana (España). Cuarto Simposio Regional sobre Hidráulica de Ríos. Salta, Argentina, 2009.Media:Reconstrucción_de_un_curso_torrencial_en_su_afluencia_en_el_Parque_Nacional_de_Doñana_(España).pdf

    J. A. Mintegui Aguirre, J. C. Robredo Sánchez, L. Mao & M. A. Lenzi. Formation, expansion and restoration of a sedimentation fan: the case of the Arroyo del Partido stream (Spain)

    J. A. Mintegui Aguirre, J. C. Robredo Sánchez, C. De Gonzalo Aranoa & P. Huelin Rueda. Restoration of a degraded torrential stream by means of a flood control system: the case of Arroyo del Partido stream (Spain) Media:Restoration_of_a_degraded_torrential_stream_by_means_of_a_flood_control_system_the_case_of_Arroyo_del_Partido_stream_(Spain).pdf

    L. Carotenuto, R. Fernandez Lo Faso, D. García Sevilla, J. C. Escudero García, F. García Novo (2005) Ecological restoration of the flooding area of “El Partido” stream (Doñana Natural Park, SW Spain). 15th Meeting of the Italian 5 Society of Ecology, 12-14 September 2005, Torino

    Related Measures

    Related Pressures